Pest Control in Berkshire
Brown Rat Control Information.
An adult brown rat can reach 30 -35cm with a long, thick bald tail of about 10cm. Adult brown rats have coarse brown almost black fur, with a paler underside.
The brown rat is an imported species originating from North-East Asia, the brown rat has spread over most of the world largely displacing the Black Rat (R. rattus), becoming a well-known pest and carrier of many diseases. The brown rat is classed as vermin and it can be found throughout the British Isles, they have to be subject to heavy culling and eradication schemes by local pest control companies.
The brown rat inhabits wet and damp areas including rubbish tips, drains, sewers, rivers, ponds, ditches and buildings usually entering though underground drains and sewers. Rats will live in groups and can dig well, building nest in burrows sometimes with several entrances.
Habits and Biology:
The brown rat is a very good swimmer, being able to dive and swim under water for some distance, sometimes being mistaken for Water Voles. They are highly intelligent and are excellent climbers, using their scaly tails and clawed feet to help them grip, rats can even climb brick walls making access to the loft quite easy. They have well-developed senses of hearing and smell. Rats do not hibernate during the winter.
Due to rat infestation and defecation, some water areas can carry Weil's disease, a flu like illness that can become serious. Do not work in water with open cuts or wounds and wear waterproof gloves if at all possible. Associated with disease and reviled for its habits the Brown Rat reflects the wastefulness of society flourishing on refuse and waste food, but possibly performing a useful task ?. In cities it is said that you will rarely be more than 3m (10ft) away from a rat. Preyed on by Tawny owls, other large birds of prey and foxes. The main attractions to draw rats to a domestic property are wild bird feeders dropping seeds on the ground, compost heaps, rubbish sacks being left out where rats can get to them, broken drains, keeping chickens or livestock or having plenty of cover for the rats to move undiscovered.
A Rats Diet:
Rats will eat almost anything, including small vertebrates, other rats, meat, fish, vegetables, weeds, earthworms, crustaceans, nuts and fruit, however they prefer starch and protein-rich foods, such as cereals. They sometimes store food to return to later. Typically nocturnal, they will sometimes be seen foraging for food during the day.
Rats can produce up to seven litters of six to ten, (and sometimes near 20) young a year after a gestation period of 21-24 days. New born rats are blind at birth opening their eyes at about 15 days, weaned after 21-28 days.
By removing the following you will greatly reduce the risk of rats moving onto your property. Due to a change in the brown rats genes there are now a strain of rodents that are immune to the commonly used rodent baits such as Difenacoum and Bromadiolone. DKG Pest Control work in an area with confirmed L120Q (the Berkshire / Hampshire strain of resistant rats).